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Nasa begins deepest ever probe of the whole world

Nasa hubble, spitzer and chandra space telescopes are teaming up to look deeper into the universe than you ever have and search for the most distant and faint galaxies that can possibly be seen.

With a boost from natural lenses within space, they should uncover galaxies that are as much as 100 times fainter than what these three great observatories typically can see, nasa explained.

In a collaborative programme known as the frontier fields, astronomers will make findings over the next three years of six massive galaxy clusters, exploiting a natural sensation known as gravitational lensing.

The clusters are extremely massive assemblages of matter known, and their gravitational fields could be used to brighten and magnify more distant galaxies so they can be observed.

Frontier fields programme ‘s what nasa great observatories were designed to do;Working together to unravel the mysteries of the whole world, agreed john grunsfeld, associate boss for nasa science mission directorate in washington.

Observatory collects images using different wavelengths of light which means that we get a much deeper understanding of the underlying physics of these celestial objects, grunsfeld said in an announcement.

The first object they will certainly view is abell 2744, typically referred to as pandora cluster.The galaxy cluster is completing a simultaneous pile up of four separate, smaller galaxy clusters that was held over a span of 350 million years.

Astronomers anticipate the findings will reveal populations of galaxies that existed when the universe was only a few hundred million years old.

Idea is to use nature natural telescopes in conjunction with the great observatories to look much deeper than before and find the most distant and faint galaxies we can possibly see, discussed jennifer lotz, a principal private eye with the space telescope science institute in baltimore.

Data from the hubble and spitzer space telescopes will be combined to measure the galaxies distances and masses better than either observatory could measure alone, proving their synergy for such studies.

Want to be aware when and how the first stars and galaxies formed in the universe, and each great observatory gives us unique piece of the puzzle, said chris capak, the spitzer principal private eye for the frontier fields programme.

Tells you which galaxies to obtain and how many stars are being born in those systems.Spitzer says to you how old the galaxy is and how many stars have formed, capak rumoured.

The chandra x ray observatory will peer deep into the star fields.It will image the clusters at x ray wavelengths to help see their mass and measure their gravitational lensing power, and identify design galaxies hosting super massive black holes.